A business object is a conceptual representation of an element of reality that is meaningful to an organisation. The enterprise data model represents all the business objects, or resource types, of an organisation and their relationships.
Data architecture consists of the policies, regulations and models that define the requirements for acquiring, storing, processing, organising, integrating and publishing an organisation's data. Data architecture is one of the pillars of enterprise architecture activities.
A data infrastructure is a digital infrastructure that supports the sharing and consumption of data. Like other infrastructures, it is a necessary system for the functioning of an economy, which in this case is the data economy.
A data repository is a place where data is stored and access is guaranteed through an application service.
Data repositories can be broken down into several major classes: data sources, data warehouses, data marts, and data archives.
Enterprise architecture is a set of practices for analysing, designing, planning and implementing the development of an organisation. Enterprise architecture applies architecture principles to guide organisations through the business, informational, procedural and technological changes necessary to execute their strategies.
According to the Swiss Geoinformation Act [RS 510.62], a georepresentation model is a definition of graphical representations for the visualization of geodata, for example in the form of maps or plans.
An information model is a representation of concepts, relationships, constraints, rules and operations for specifying the semantics of data in a specific business domain. It provides a structured and shared definition of the information requirements of the business domain concerned, in a formalism that does not constrain the structuring of the associated datasets.
A spatial data infrastructure is a data infrastructure consisting of the policies, regulations, technologies and human resources that enable the discovery and use of geographical data.
A system is a set of interacting or interdependent resources that form a unified whole. A system is delimited by its spatial and temporal boundaries, related to its environment by its inputs and outputs, described by its structure, and defined by its functioning. Any system is considered a resource and can be part of a higher order system.